If you suffer from the loss of one or several teeth, use dentures that are uncomfortable or do not want to remove a good tooth structure to make a bridge, talk to us to see if dental implants are a good option for you.
Dental implants are a popular and effective way to replace lost teeth and are designed to disguise themselves among the other teeth.
They are an excellent long-term option to restore your smile and your function. In fact, the development and use of implants is one of the greatest advances in dentistry in the last 40 years.
Before deciding the most appropriate type of implant for each patient, it is important to perform a mandibular or maxillary CT scan to avoid damaging important structures of both bones.
In Clinica Beltran y Obradors, Platelet-Rich Plasma is commonly used, extracted from the patient’s own blood, improving the result of osseointegration and presenting less inflammation and post-operative pain.
Dental implants are made of titanium and other materials that are compatible with the human body. They are screws that are surgically placed in the upper or lower jaw, where they function as a firm anchor for the replacement teeth.
The dental professional who places the implants must be very well trained in implants and implant surgery. Implant therapy requires great knowledge and important expertise. The professional who carries out this intervention must not only be well trained in implants, but must be well prepared to carry out and evaluate the radiological study of the area to be implanted, and he must know how to carry out an appropriate treatment plan. This professional must assess the need for periodontal, prosthetic, rehabilitative, orthodontic and occlusal treatment, as well as to know and act on the risk factors presented by the patient.
Most patients find that a dental implant is safe, stable and a good replacement for their own tooth. In general, there are three phases in order to place an implant:
DENTAL IMPLANT STEP BY STEP
- First, the dentist surgically places the implant in the jaw bone. Your dentist may recommend a diet of soft foods and cold foods during the healing process.
- Then, the bone around the implant heals in a process called osseointegration. What makes an implant so strong is the bone that grows around it and keeps it in place. Osseointegration means “combined with the bone”, and it takes time. Some patients may have to wait until the implant is fully integrated, up to several months, before the replacement teeth can be attached to the implant. Other patients may have the implants and spare teeth placed in a single visit.
- Finally, it is time to place the artificial tooth. For a single-tooth implant, your dentist will create a new tooth for you, called a dental crown. The crown is based on size, shape and color and will be designed to blend with the other teeth.
HOW THE PROCESS IS PERFORMED
The implant is placed under local anesthesia or, if desired, with intravenous sedation, so it isn’t a painful intervention. The postoperative period, in general, is not annoying if the surgeon’s recommendations are followed. The placement of the implant is swift, although, if bone augmentation techniques are simultaneously required, the intra-surgical time and postoperative discomfort are lengthened. Once the implant is placed, you should usually wait a few months for its osseointegration and for the placement of the permanent teeth or crowns. During this time, provisional prostheses can be used. In aesthetic areas, and provided special requirements are met, the provisional crown can be placed on the same day as the implant.
DURATION OF IMPLANTS
- If you don’t take care of the implants correctly, the implants may last less than expected. The patient must take care of his mouth in general, teeth and implants, by means of an excellent oral hygiene, combined with periodic visits of control and periodontal and implant maintenance (every 4-6 months). The implants can suffer inflammations (mucositis) or infections (periimplantitis) if the risk factors are not controlled correctly; among them we find: a correct oral hygiene, tobacco and periodontal disease in the patient’s teeth. Dental implants, well cared for, can last a lifetime or, at least, can extend their useful half-life for many years.
Associated general and chronic diseases, such as diabetes, smoking, autoimmune diseases, hypertension, bad eating habits, etc., can condition the loss of the implants, in the same way that the dental pieces themselves are lost.
- Once the implants are placed, they must be taken care of the same as we take care of the teeth. Like natural teeth,a dental implant requires proper oral hygiene to prevent diseases such as mucositis or periimplantitis. Many people believe that if all the teeth are removed and implants are placed “all problems are over”. In addition, it is usually considered that implants, being of materials such as titanium, are not exposed to infections and do not have the risk of deteriorating and losing functionality. But that is not true, since implants, like teeth, require regular professional hygiene and controls, and excellent oral hygiene is essential to keep them healthy and free of infection.
If you are interested in dental implants, it is a good idea to discuss it carefully with your dentist. If you are in good health, this treatment may be an option for you. In fact, your health is a more important factor than your age. You may have to receive a medical evaluation by a doctor before scheduling this surgery.
Chronic diseases, such as diabetes or leukemia, can interfere with healing after surgery. Patients with these problems are not good candidates for implants. The use of tobacco can also slow the healing process.